Theme: Accelerating Advancements and Frontiers in Biofuels & Bioenergy
OMICS Group invites you to attend the International Congress and Expo on Biofuels & Bioenergy which will be held on August 25-27, 2015 at Valencia, Spain. The theme of the conference is “Accelerating Advancements and Frontiers in Biofuels & Bioenergy”
Biofuels-2015 is an extraordinary event designed for the International professionals to facilitate the dissemination and application of research findings related to Biofuels and Bioenergy as replacement fuels. The conference series invites participants from all leading universities, research institutions and leading companies to share their research experiences on all aspects of this rapidly expanding field. The conference focuses on the production, industrial implementation strategies and economic growth from biofuels. It is a scientific platform to meet fellow key decision makers all-around the Biotech organizations, Academic Institutions, Industries, & Environment Related Institutes etc., and making the congress a perfect platform to share and gain the knowledge in the field of bioenergy and biofuels.
Algal biofuel is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently removed from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. With current technology available it is estimated that the cost of producing microalgal biomass is $2.95/kg for photobioreactors and $3.80/kg for open-ponds. These estimates assume that carbon dioxide is available at no cost. If the annual biomass production capacity is increased to 10000 tonnes, the cost of production per kilogram reduces to roughly $0.47 and $0.60, respectively. Assuming that the biomass contains 30% oil by weight, the cost of biomass for providing a liter of oil would be approximately $1.40 and $1.81 for photobioreactors and raceways, respectively. Oil recovered from the lower cost biomass produced in photobioreactors is estimated to cost $2.80/L, assuming the recovery process contributes 50% to the cost of the final recovered oil. Numerous Funding programs have been created with aims of promoting the use of Renewable Energy. In Canada, the ecoAgriculture biofuels capital initiative (ecoABC) provides $25 million per project to assist farmers in constructing and expanding a renewable fuel production facility. In Europe, the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) is the main instrument for funding research. Similarly, the NER 300 is an unofficial, independent portal dedicated to renewable energy and grid integration projects.
Biodiesel is a form of diesel fuel manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, or recycled restaurant greases. It is safe, biodegradable, and produces less air pollutants than petroleum-based diesel.Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used Biodiesel can be used in pure form, or blended with petrodiesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be used as heating oil. It also can be obtained from Pongamia, field pennycress and jatropha and other crops such as mustard, jojoba, flax,sunflower, palm oil, coconut and hemp. Multiple economic studies have been performed regarding the economic impact of biodiesel production. One study, commissioned by the National Biodiesel Board, reported the 2011 production of biodiesel supported 39,027 jobs and more than $2.1 billion in household income. Many countries around the world are involved in the growing use and production of biofuels, such as biodiesel, as an alternative energy source to fossil fuels and oil. The surge of interest in biodiesels has highlighted a number of environmental effects associated with its use. These potentially include reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, pollution and the rate of biodegradation. However, environmental organizations, for example, Rainforest Rescue and Greenpeace, criticize the cultivation of plants used for biodiesel production, They say the deforestation of rainforests exacerbates climate change and that sensitive ecosystems are destroyed to clear land for oil palm, soybean and sugar cane plantations. Moreover, that biofuels contribute to world hunger, seeing as arable land is no longer used for growing foods.
The demand for biofuels is growing enormously. From the evidence available today, we believe that biofuels could, with developments in technology and favorable policy constitute up to 30% of the world transport fuel mix by 2030. The advantages of biofuels – whether in greenhouse gas benefits, energy security or rural development-mean that many governments are keen to foster the industry through current phases of technology development to deliver material scale and reduced costs. The world is in a state of biofuels fever. In 2006 biofuel constituted 49 bnlitres,Or 3%, of the 1,600 billion litre market for gasoline and diesel fuel. By 2015 the biofuels market is likely to have tripled to 155 billion litres. In practical terms that is an increase of around 10 billion litres per year over ten years. In terms of current ethanol yields of 5,250ltrs / ha, this equates to an increase of land use for biofuels of approximately 17,000 square km per year. The bulk of the global demand for ethanol and biodiesel comes from a few major regions. The USA accounted for very nearly 50% of global ethanol consumption in 2006, with Brazil taking 36% of global volumes. The EU accounted for 75% of global biodiesel consumption in 2006. The reason why we believe the feverish rate of growth is likely to materialize is because, with no carbon beneficial substitutes available in the near term, biofuels are being promoted by governments. Clear examples of this are the trends of regulations in the EU, and the intentions announced in the US. BP is already a major player in the global biofuels market. In 2006 BP blended 3,016 million litres of ethanol into gasoline – a 25% increase on the previous year. Thus BP is already well exposed to the biofuels fever – and the theme of this paper is to suggest how the industry can tap the heat of the fever in a positive sense.
Spain has been particularly chosen to host this conference as the Spanish biodiesel industry is making rapid strides towards increased production. It is already the seventh largest producer of biodiesel in Europe and there are more than 28 biodiesel production plants in pipeline, which is by far the highest in Europe. This is primarily due to the Spanish Renewable Energy Program (REP), 2005, which kick-started the production of biodiesel. The current regime of full tax exemption for a limited volume of biodiesel is the key incentive system for biodiesel in Spain.
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Special Issues [OMICS Journals]
All accepted abstracts will be published in respective OMICS International Journals.
- Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
- Journal of Pertroleum and Environmental biotechnology
- Journal of Bioprocessing and Biotechneiques.
Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by