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9th Annual Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy , will be organized around the theme “Biofuels and Bioenergy for Future ”
Biofuels Conference 2018 is comprised of 14 tracks and 102 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Biofuels Conference 2018.
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.
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Biohydrogen is described as hydrogen produced biologically, most often by algae, bacteria and archaea. Biohydrogen is a potential biofuel attainable from both cultivation and from waste organic materials. Recently, there is a huge demand for hydrogen. There is no record of the production volume and use of hydrogen world-wide, however utilization of hydrogen was predicted to have reached 900 billion cubic meters in 2011.Refineries are large-volume producers and consumers of hydrogen. Today 96% of all hydrogen is extracted from fossil fuels, with 48% from natural gas, 30% from hydrocarbons, 18% from coal and about 4% by electrolysis. Oil-sands processing, gas-to-liquids and coal gasification projects that are existing, require a vast amount of hydrogen and is presumed to raise the requirement notably within the next few years. Environmental regulations administered in most countries, increase the hydrogen demand at refineries for gas-line and diesel desulfurization. A significant future aspect of hydrogen could be as a replacement for fossil fuels, once the oil deposits are exhausted. This application is however dependent on the advancement of storage techniques to enable proper storage, distribution and combustion of hydrogen. If the cost of hydrogen generation, distribution, and end-user technologies decreases, hydrogen as a fuel could be penetrating the market in 2020.Industrial fermentation of hydrogen, or whole-cell catalysis, requires a finite amount of energy, since fission of water is accomplished with whole cell catalysis, to reduce the activation energy. This permits hydrogen to be manufactured from any organic matter that can be copied through whole cell catalysis as this process does not rely on the energy of substrate.
- Track 1-1Algal biohydrogen
- Track 1-2Bacterial biohydrogen
- Track 1-3Fermentative biohydrogen production
- Track 1-4High-yield biohydrogen production
- Track 1-5Enhancing biohydrogen production
- Track 1-6Biohydrogen purification
Food versus fuel is the plight regarding the risk of distracting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the drawback of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate concerns wide-ranging views, and is an abiding, controversial one in the literature. There is a conflict about the sense of the issue, what is creating it, and what can or should be rendered to remedy the situation. This intricacy and uncertainty is due to the wide number of concussion and criticism loops that can positively or negatively affect the price system. Furthermore, the relative strengths of these positive and negative impacts change in the short and long terms, and implicate delayed effects. The academic side of the debate is also obscured by the applicability of different economic models and competing forms of statistical analysis.
- Track 2-1Biofuels impact on food security
- Track 2-2Nonfood crops for biofuels production
- Track 2-3Agricultural modernization and its impact on society and environment
- Track 2-4Food, fuel and freeways
Advanced biofuels are fuels that can be processed from numerous types of biomass. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils formed in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying conventional technology. In comparison, advanced biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the requisite fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been devised because first generation biofuels manufacture has major limitations. First generation biofuel processes are convenient but restrained in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot yield enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity. Many first-generation biofuels rely on subsidies and are not cost competitive with prevailing fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them yield only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. When considering emissions from production and transport, life-cycle assessment from first generation biofuels usually approach those of traditional fossil fuels. Advanced biofuels can aid resolving these complications and can impart a greater proportion of global fuel supply affordably, sustainably and with larger environmental interests.
- Track 3-1Nonfood crops for biofuels production
- Track 3-2Lignocellulosic Biomass
- Track 3-3Thermochemical Routes
- Track 3-4Syngas from Biomass
- Track 3-5Second generation biofuels
- Track 3-6Microbial pathways for advanced biofuels production
- Track 3-7Synthesis of advanced biofuels
- Track 3-8Advanced biofuels from pyrolysis oil
The energy that we obtain from biofuels originated from the sun. This solar energy was trapped through photosynthesis by the plants utilized as feedstocks (raw materials) for biofuel production, and amassed in the plants' cells.
Various plant materials can be wielded for production of biofuels:
Sugar crops (such as sugar cane or sugar beet), or starch (like corn or maize) can be fermented to yield ethanol, a liquid fuel mostly utilized for transportation.
Natural oils from plants like oil palm, soybean, or algae can be ignited directly in a diesel engine or a furnace, or blended with petroleum, to yield fuels such as biodiesel.
Wood and its byproducts can be transformed into liquid biofuels, such as methanol or ethanol, or into wood gas.
Wood can also be combusted as solid fuel, like the familiar firewood. Chipped waste biomass, such as the tops of trees dumped by logging operations, can be burned in uniquely designed furnaces.
Researchers are actively working to enhance biofuel production processes. Before bioenergy can make a bigger contribution to the energy economy, agricultural practices, feedstocks, and technologies that are logical in their use of land, water and fossil fuel must be started.
- Track 4-1Production of Biofuels from Biomass
- Track 4-2Production of Biodiesel from Biomass
- Track 4-3Production of Biochemicals from Biomass
- Track 4-4Production of Biogas from Biomass
- Track 4-5Microbes and sustainable production of biofuel
- Track 4-6Energy balance of biofuel production
- Track 4-7Advances in biofuel production
Bioenergy is renewable energy made accessible from materials acquired from biological origin. Biomass is any organic matter which has deposited sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may comprise wood, straw, wood waste, sugarcane, manure, and many other by-products from different agricultural processes. In its most exclusive sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel obtained from biological sources. In its wider sense it includes biomass, the biological matter utilized as a biofuel, as well as the social, scientific, economic and technical fields related with utilizing biological sources for energy. This is a common misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy cultivated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy stored in the fuel.
- Track 5-1Bioenergy crop-Panicum virgatum
- Track 5-2Development of bioenergy technology
- Track 5-3Bioenergy Conversion
- Track 5-4Stump harvesting for bioenergy
- Track 5-5Bioenergy feedstock
- Track 5-6Quantitative assessment of bioenergy
- Track 5-7Biocatalysis and bioenergy
- Track 5-8Innovations in renewable materials
- Track 5-9Bioenergy crops and algae
- Track 5-10Bioenergy cropping systems
- Track 5-11Life cycle assessment of bioenergy system
Bioenergy is conversion of biomass resources such as agricultural and forest residues, organic municipal waste and energy crops to useful energy carriers including heat, electricity and transport fuels. Biomass is increasingly being used for modern applications such as dendro-power, co-generation and Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP). Depending on the resource availability and technical, economic and environmental impact, these can be attractive alternatives to fossil fuel based applications. Bioenergy, a renewable energy resource particularly suitable for electricity, heating & cooling in transport, will be at the core of this sectorial shift in renewable energy production and use and is expected to become the dominant form of RES before 2020.
- Track 6-1Bioenergy for Agricultural Production
- Track 6-2Photo bioreactors
- Track 6-3Energy in biomass
- Track 6-4Microbial Electrochemical Cells
- Track 6-5Assessment of global bioenergy potentials
- Track 6-6Bioenergy in transition
- Track 6-7Bioenergy healing
- Track 6-8Bioenergy systems
Biomass is organic matter extracted from living, or recently living organisms. Biomass can be utilized as a source of energy and it most often directs to plants or plant-based matter which are not used for food or feed, and are precisely called lignocellulosic biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or secondarily after transforming it to numerous forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be attained by various methods which are mainly categorized into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods.
Biomass is a renewable source of fuel to yield energy since waste residues will always prevail – in forms of scrap wood, mill residuals and forest resources and properly directed forests will always have additional trees, and we will invariably have crops and the unconsumed biological matter from those crops.
The agricultural Biomass can be used to produce electricity and the energy can be recovered from the municipal solid waste this is called as waste to energy
- Track 7-1Conversion technologies
- Track 7-2Sustainable feedstock development
- Track 7-3Biomass and electricity
- Track 7-4Industrial waste biomass
- Track 7-5Recent developments in sustainable biomass
- Track 7-6Perennial biomass feedstocks
- Track 7-7Integrated biomass technologies
Biogas commonly refers to a mixture of various gases formed by the disintegration of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be manufactured from raw matters such as agricultural waste, municipal waste, manure, plant material, green waste, sewage or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source and in diverse cases exerts a limited carbon footprint. Biogas can be manufactured by fermentation of biodegradable materials or anaerobic digestion with anaerobic organisms, which disintegrates material inside an isolated system. Biogas is basically methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small traces of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxanes and moisture. The gases methane, carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy yield allows biogas to be benefitted as a fuel; it can be utilized for any heating purpose, such as cooking. It can also be practiced in a gas engine to transform the energy in the gas to electricity and heat.
- Track 8-1Biogas from agricultural waste
- Track 8-2Biogas from algae
- Track 8-3New & possible substrates for biogas production
- Track 8-4Biogas technologies
- Track 8-5Anaerobic packed-bed biogas reactors
- Track 8-6Biogas production
- Track 8-7Large scale biogas production & challenges
Biologically synthesized alcohols, most frequently ethanol, and rarely propanol and butanol, are formed by the reaction of microorganisms and enzymes through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol (also called bio gasoline) is often asserted to provide a direct stand-in for gasoline, because it can be used precisely in a gasoline engine. Ethanol fuel is the most widely used biofuel worldwide. Alcohol fuels are formed by fermentation of sugars derived from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar cane and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, can be produced (such as potato and fruit waste, etc.). The ethanol manufacturing methods applied are enzyme digestion (to release sugars from stored starches), distillation, fermentation of the sugars and drying. Ethanol can be used in petrol engines as a substitute for gasoline; it can be blended with gasoline to any concentration. Current car petrol engines can operate on mixes of up to 15% bioethanol along with petroleum/gasoline. Ethanol has lesser energy density than that of gasoline; this implies that it takes more fuel to generate the same amount of work. An asset of ethanol is its higher-octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline accessible at roadside gas stations, which permits the rise of an engine's compression ratio for increased thermal efficiency. In high-altitude locations, some states direct a mix of gasoline and ethanol as a winter oxidizer to lower atmospheric pollution emissions
- Track 9-1Bioethanol production
- Track 9-2Bioalcohols from algae
- Track 9-3Generations of bioalcohols & scope of advancement
- Track 9-4Bioalcohols as automobile fuel
- Track 9-5Scale up on industrial level
- Track 9-6Bioethanol utilization
- Track 9-7Bioconversion of Lignocellulose into Bioethanol
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel utilized for aircraft. It is reckoned by some to be the paramount means by which the aviation industry can diminish its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical analysis from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuels were advocated for commercial use in July 2011. Since then, some airlines have evaluated with using of biofuels on commercial flights. The limelight of the industry has now curved to advanced sustainable biofuels (second generation sustainable aviation fuels) that do not compete with food supplies nor are major consumers of prime agricultural land or fresh water.
- Track 10-1Developing new sources for aviation biofuels
- Track 10-2Commercialization of aviation biofuels
- Track 10-3Applications of aviation biofuels
- Track 10-4Jet biofuel
- Track 10-5Green replacement fuels in flights
- Track 10-6Synthesis of aviation biofuel via Fischer-Tropsch process
- Track 10-7Cost reduction policies
- Track 10-8Large scale biogas production & challenges
- Track 10-9Risk analysis of aviation fuels
A biorefinery is a center that melds biomass conversion processes and equipment to manufacture fuels, power, heat, and chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery concept is parallel to today's petroleum refinery, which makes various fuels and products from petroleum. Biorefining is the sustainable conversion of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products and bioenergy. By producing various products, a biorefinery takes advantage of the various parts in biomass and their intermediates therefore maximizing the value acquired from the biomass feedstock. A biorefinery could, for instance, manufacture one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical or nutraceutical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel. At the same time generating electricity and process heat, by combined heat and power (CHP) technology, for its own use and perhaps adequate for sale of electricity to the local utility. The high-value products boost profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet energy needs, and the power production aids to lower energy costs and minimize greenhouse gas emissions from conventional power plant facilities. Although some facilities prevail that can be called bio-refineries, the bio-refinery has yet to be fully accomplished. Future biorefineries may play a vital role in yielding chemicals and materials that are traditionally extracted from petroleum.
- Track 11-1Types of biorefineries
- Track 11-2Risk management issues
- Track 11-3Chemical conversion in biorefinery
- Track 11-4Bio oil production
- Track 11-5Biowaste biorefinery
- Track 11-6Valorization of Biorefinery
- Track 11-7Lignocellulosic material in biorefinery
- Track 11-8Integrated biorefinery
- Track 11-9Biorefining scheme from algal and bacterial protein sources
- Track 11-10Biorefining systems
- Track 11-11Principles of biorefineries
Algae fuel or algal biofuel is a substitute to liquid fossil fuels that utilizes algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are a substitute to common known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. Various companies and government agencies are sponsoring efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially feasible. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently withdrawn from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have sparked interest in algaculture (farming algae) for making biodiesel and other biofuels utilizing land unbefitting for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics are that they can be cultivated with negligible impact on fresh water resources, can be generated using saline and wastewater, have a high flash point, and are biodegradable and comparatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass than other advanced biofuel crops due to high capital and operating costs, but are declared to generate between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area.
- Track 12-1Culturing Algae
- Track 12-2Harvesting and oil extraction system
- Track 12-3Cyanobacterial biofuels production
- Track 12-4Commercialization of algae biofuels
- Track 12-5Wastewater based algae biofuels production
- Track 12-6Algal bio sequestration
- Track 12-7Advances in algal biofuel production
- Track 12-8Biofuels from microalgae
Biodiesel indicates an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel comprising of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is customarily made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol generating fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is suggested to be utilized in standard diesel engines and is thus well-defined from the vegetable and waste oils used to operate fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used singly, or blended with Petro diesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be utilized as heating oil.
- Track 13-1Biodiesel Production
- Track 13-2Biodiesel feedstocks
- Track 13-3Efficiency and economic arguments
- Track 13-4Biodiesel to hydrogen-cell power
- Track 13-5Crops for biodiesel production
- Track 13-6Biodiesel as automobile fuel
- Track 13-7Cost effective techniques for biodiesel production
- Track 13-8Biodiesel production on industry level and scale up
- Track 13-9Impact of biodiesel on pollutant emissions and public health