Director, OMEGA Global Initiative USA
Irish Research Council Monaghan Biosciences Ireland
President Bio Clean Energy Brazil
Chair of Oraganizing Committee Director, Biorefining Research Institute, Lakehead University Canada
Director USTAR Bioenergy Center Utah State University USA
John R. Benemann
CEO MicroBio Engineering USA
Director of Key Laboratory of Biofuels Chinese Academy of Sciences China
Professor Chemical Engineering Director Spain
Recommended Global Chemical Engineering Conferences
Biofuels Conference 2018
ConferenceSeries invites all the participants across the globe to attend the 9th Annual Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy during April 16-17, 2018 Dubai, UAE. The theme of the conference is “Biofuels and Bioenergy for Future” and to encourage young minds and their research abilities by providing an opportunity to meet the experts in the field of Biofuels & Bioenergy and Chemical Engineering.
The perception of biofuels has prevailed since the invention of the motor vehicle. For example, at the dawn of the 20th century, Henry Ford planned to power his Model Ts using ethanol, and initial diesel engines consumed peanut oil for running. With the discovery of immense petroleum deposits, gasoline and diesel was accessible reasonably, thereby confiding biofuels to the background. Nonetheless, the recent surge in oil prices, added with mounting worries related to global warming linked with carbon dioxide (CO2), emissions have culminated in the re-emergence of biofuels as feasible alternatives. Biofuel is manufactured using a wide range of resources. This variety has grown notably in recent years, aiding shape a dexterous industry that is steadily searching for new technologies and feedstock. In fact, industry demand for reasonable, candid sources of fats and oils is bracing promising research on advanced feedstock such as Algae and Camelina. With more than a decade of commercial-scale production, the industry takes pride in its meticulous approach to improvement and strong target on sustainability. Production has risen from around 25 million gallons in the early 2000s to about 1.7 billion gallons advanced biofuel in 2014. With projected feedstock availability, the industry has settled a goal of manufacturing about 10 percent of the diesel transportation market by 2022. The industry’s economic impact is hovered to thrive significantly with pursued production increases. The industry backs jobs in diverse sectors, from manufacturing to transportation, agriculture and service. Biodiesel is produced using a broad variety of resources. We welcome you, on behalf of the Organizing Committee, to this exemplary meeting with eminent scientists from different countries around the globe and sharing new and intriguing conclusions in Biodiesel production and usage, which will be held in Dubai from April 27 - 28, 2017.This inspiring and enlightening conference program including plenary lectures, symposia, workshops on a variety of topics, poster presentations and various programs for participants from all over the world.
Biofuels Conferences 2018 is expecting the participants from all over the globe in various fields. This combination of audience will give an ideal blend to justify our theme “Biofuels and Bioenergy for Future” Biofuels Conferences 2018 expecting attendees from,
- Fuel Engineers
- Chemical Engineers
- Professors, Researchers, Students and Technical Staff from the field of Chemical Engineering
- Engineers and Delegates from Aviation and Automobile companies
- Directors/Co-Directors of Research based companies across Europe and US who are investing in Biofuels and Bioenergy
ConferenceSeries invites all the participants around the globe to attend the 9th Annual Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy (Biofuels-2018) during April 16-17, 2018 Dubai, UAE.
Theme of the conference is “Biofuels and Bioenergy for Future” with an objective to encourage young minds and their research abilities by providing an opportunity to meet the experts in the field of Biofuels and Bioenergy. Chemical Engineering events are designed to explore various applications in different fields.
ConferenceSeries Ltd organizes a conference series of 3000+ Global Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops in USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 700+ Open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Track 1: Biomass
Biomass is organic matter extracted from living, or recently living organisms. Biomass can be utilized as a source of energy and it most often directs to plants or plant-based matter which are not used for food or feed, and are precisely called lignocellulosic biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or secondarily after transforming it to numerous forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be attained by various methods which are mainly categorized into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical engineering methods. Biomass is a renewable energy source of fuel to yield energy since waste residues will always prevail – in forms of scrap wood, mill residuals and forest resources and properly directed forests will always have additional trees, and we will invariably have crops and the unconsumed biological matter from those crops.
Related Conferences on Biomass:
2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Resources, Aug 27-28, 2018, Boston, USA; 2nd Euro Global Summit and Expo on Biomass and Bioenergy Oct 12-13, 2017, London,UK; 2nd Global Biomass Summit, Nov 6-8, 2017, San Antonio, USA; International Biomass congress and Expo, April 10-12, 2017, Minneapolis, MN; European Biomass to Power, Oct 5-6, 2016, Seville, Spain; 5th Central European Biomass Conference, Jan 18-20, 2017, Graz, Austria; Biomass Power Association; The European Biomass Association;
Track 2: Production of biofuels:
The energy that we obtain from microbial biofuels originated from the sun. This solar energy was trapped through photosynthesis by the plants utilized as feedstocks (raw materials) for biofuel production, and amassed in the plants' cells.
Various plant materials can be wielded for production of biofuels:
Sugar crops (such as sugar cane or sugar beet), or starch (like corn or maize) can be fermented to yield ethanol, a liquid fuel mostly utilized for transportation. Natural oils from plants like oil palm, soybean, or algae can be ignited directly in a diesel engine or a furnace, or blended with petroleum, to yield fuels such as biodiesel. Wood and its byproducts can be transformed into liquid biofuels, such as methanol or ethanol, or into wood gas. Wood can also be combusted as solid fuel, like the familiar firewood. Chipped waste biomass, such as the tops of trees dumped by logging operations, can be burned in uniquely designed furnaces. Researchers are actively working to enhance biofuel production processes. Before bioenergy can make a bigger contribution to the energy economy, agricultural practices, feedstocks, and technologies that are logical in their use of land, water and fossil fuel must be started.
Related Conferences on Production of biofuels:
3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Renewable Energy Resources, Jul 24-26, 2017, Vancouver, Canada; 6th International Conference on Petroleum Engineering, Jun 29-Jul 01, 2017, Madrid, Spain; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France; European Bioenergy Future, Nov 16-17, 2016, Brussels, Belgium;12th Annual Biofuels Financial Conference, Oct 17-18, 2016, Minneapolis, MN; Biofuels Association of Australia; Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association;
Track 3: Advanced Biofuels:
Advanced biofuels are fuels that can be processed from numerous types of biomass. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils formed in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying conventional industrial biotechnology. In comparison, microbial biofuels are made from modern biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the requisite fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been devised because first generation biofuels manufacture has major limitations. First generation biofuel processes are convenient but restrained in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot yield enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity. Many first generation biofuels rely on subsidies and are not cost competitive with prevailing fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them yield only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. When considering emissions from production and transport, life-cycle assessment from first generation biofuels usually approach those of traditional fossil fuels. Advanced biofuels can aid resolving these complications and can impart a greater proportion of global fuel supply affordably, sustainably and with larger environmental interests.
Related Conferences on Advanced Biofuels:
2nd World Bioenergy Congress and Expo, Jun 29-30, 2017, Madrid, Spain; 3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; 7th World Petrochemistry Congress and Chemical Engineering, Nov 13-15, 2017, Frankfurt, Germany; 8th International Conference on Applied Energy, Oct 8-11, 2016, Beijing, China; European Bioenergy Future, Nov 16-17, 2016, Brussels, Belgium; National Advanced Biofuels Conference and Expo, Jun 20-23, 2017, Milwaukee, USA; Advanced Biofuels Association; European Waste-to-Advanced Biofuels Association;
Track 4: Algae Biofuels:
Algae fuel or microbial biofuel is a substitute to liquid fossil fuels that utilizes algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are a substitute to common known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. Various companies and government agencies are sponsoring efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially feasible. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently withdrawn from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have sparked interest in alga culture (farming algae) for making biodiesel and other microbial biofuels utilizing land unbefitting for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics are that they can be cultivated with negligible impact on fresh water resources, can be generated using saline and wastewater, have a high flash point, and are biodegradable and comparatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass than other advanced biofuel crops due to high capital and operating costs, but are declared to generate between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area.
Related Conference on Algae Biofuels:
International Chemical Engineering and Biochemical Engineering Conference, May 15-17, 2017 Rome, Italy; 2nd World Bioenergy Congress and Expo, Jun 29-30, 2017, Madrid, Spain; 3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; Europe Algae Conference, Dec 13-15, 2016, Madrid, Spain; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France; Algae Biomass Summit, Oct 23-26, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona; Minnesota BioFuels Association; Id Biofuel Association;
Track 5: Biogas:
Biogas commonly refers to a mixture of various gases formed by the disintegration of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be manufactured from raw matters such as agricultural waste, municipal waste, chemical waste, manure, plant material, green waste, sewage or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source and in diverse cases exerts a limited carbon footprint. Biogas can be manufactured by fermentation of biodegradable materials or anaerobic biodegradation with anaerobic organisms, which disintegrates material inside an isolated system. Biogas is basically methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small traces of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxanes and moisture. The gases methane, carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy yield allows biogas to be benefitted as a fuel; it can be utilized for any heating purpose, such as cooking. It can also be practiced in a gas engine to transform the energy in the gas to electricity and heat.
Related Conferences on Biogas:
3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; International Conference on Renewable Energy Resources, Jul 24-26, 2017, Vancouver, Canada; 2nd Global Biomass Summit, Nov 6-8, 2017, San Antonio, USA; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France; Biogas West Coast 2016, Oct 10-11, 2016, San Diego, USA; International Conference on Progress in Biogas IV, March 8-11, 2017, Stuttgart, Germany; Wisconsin BioFuels Association; German Biofuel Association;
Track 6: Biodiesel:
Biodiesel indicates an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel comprising of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is customarily made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol generating fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is suggested to be utilized in standard diesel engines and is thus well-defined from the vegetable and waste oils used to operate fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used singly, or blended with gasoline in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be utilized as heating oil.
Related Conferences on Biodiesel:
World Biodiesel Congress and Expo, December 5-7, 2016, San Antonio, USA; 2nd World Biodiesel Congress and Expo, Dec 7-9, 2017, Atlanta, USA; 2nd International Chemical Engineering Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Chicago, USA; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France;18th International Biofuels Bioenergy Conference, Dec 29-30, 2016, Paris, France; National Biodiesel Conference and Expo, Jan 16-19, 2017, San Diego, USA; Biodiesel Association; Western Canada Biodiesel Association;
Track 7: Bioethanol:
Biologically synthesized alcohols, most frequently ethanol, and rarely propanol and butanol, are formed by the reaction of microorganisms and enzymes through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol (also called bio gasoline) is often asserted to provide a direct stand-in for gasoline, because it can be used precisely in a gasoline engine. Ethanol fuel is the most widely used microbial biofuel worldwide. Alcohol fuels are formed by fermentation of sugars derived from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar cane and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, can be produced (such as potato and fruit waste, etc.). The ethanol manufacturing methods applied are microbial enzyme digestion (to release sugars from stored starches), distillation, fermentation of the sugars and drying. Ethanol can be used in petrol engines as a substitute for gasoline; it can be blended with gasoline to any concentration. Current car petrol engines can operate on mixes of up to 15% bioethanol along with petroleum/gasoline. Ethanol has lesser energy density than that of gasoline; this implies that it takes more fuel to generate the same amount of work. An asset of ethanol is its higher octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline accessible at roadside gas stations, which permits the rise of an engine's compression ratio for increased thermal efficiency. In high-altitude locations, some states direct a mix of gasoline and ethanol as a winter oxidizer to lower atmospheric pollution emissions.
Related Conferences on Bioethanol:
2nd World Bioenergy Congress and Expo, June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain; 2nd World Bioenergy Congress , June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain; 2nd Conference on Biomass Bioenergy, Dec 5-6, 2016 Dubai, UAE; 19th Annual F.O. Licht's World Ethanol Biofuels, Nov 7 - 10 2016, Brussels, Belgium; Biobased World, February 15-16, 2017, Cologne, Germany; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France; Renewable Fuels Association; American Soybean Association;
Track 8: Bioenergy:
Bioenergy is renewable energy made accessible from materials acquired from biological origin. Biomass is any organic matter which has deposited sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may comprise wood, straw, wood waste, sugarcane, manure, and many other by-products from different agricultural engineering processes. In its most exclusive sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel obtained from biological sources. In its wider sense it includes biomass, the biological matter utilized as a biofuel, as well as the social, scientific, economic and technical fields related with utilizing biological sources for energy. This is a common misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy cultivated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy stored in the fuel.
Related Conferences on Bioenergy:
International Conference on Renewable Energy Resources, July 24-26, 2017, Vancouver, Canada; 2nd World Bioenergy Congress and Expo, June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain; 3rd International Biofuels Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4 2017, Toronto, Canada; International Symposium on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, 2017, La Rochelle, France; 2nd World Bioenergy Congress, June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain; Bio based World, Feb 15-16, 2017, Cologne, Germany; Bioenergy Association of New Zealand; Southern African Bioenergy Association;
Track 9: Bioenergy Applications:
Bioenergy is conversion of biomass resources such as agricultural and forest residues, organic municipal waste and energy crops to useful energy carriers including heat, electricity and transport fuels. Biomass is increasingly being used for modern applications such as dendro-power, co-generation and Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP). Depending on the resource availability and technical, economic and environmental impact, these can be attractive alternatives to fossil fuel based applications. Bioenergy, a renewable energy resource particularly suitable for electricity, heating & cooling in transport, will be at the core of this sectorial shift in renewable energy production and use and is expected to become the dominant form of RES before 2020.
Related Conferences on Bioenergy Applications:
4th International Conference on Bioprocess and Bio Therapeutics, Oct 20-21 2016, Texas, USA; International Biochemical Engineering Conference, May 15-17 2017, Rome, Italy; International Conference on Renewable Energy Resources, Jul 24-26, 2017, Vancouver, Canada; 21st Century Energy Needs – Materials, Systems and Applications, Nov 17 - 19, 2016, IIT Kharagpur, India; 18th International Conference on Biofuels Bioenergy, Dec 29-30 2016, Paris, France; 1st International Waste-to-Bioenergy Conference, Jan 19-20 2017, France; Southern African Bioenergy Association; World Bioenergy Association;
Track 10: Aviation Biofuels:
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel utilized for aircraft. It is reckoned by some to be the paramount means by which the aviation industry can diminish its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical analysis from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuels were advocated for commercial use in July 2011. Since then, some airlines have evaluated with using of biofuels on commercial flights. The limelight of the industry has now curved to advanced sustainable biofuels (second generation sustainable aviation fuels) that do not compete with food supplies nor are major consumers of prime agricultural land or fresh water.
Related Conferences on Aviation Biofuels:
International Biochemical Engineering Conference, May 15-17 2017, Rome, Italy; 5th World Congress on Petrochemistry, Dec 5-7, 2016, Arizona, USA; International Conference on Chemical Engineering, Sept 12-14 2016, Arizona , USA; 18th International Conference on Biofuels Bioenergy, Dec 29-30 2016, Paris, France; Airports Going Green Conference Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands; The International Green Chemistry Conference, May 16-19, La Rochelle, France; North Carolina Biodiesel Association; Biodiesel Association of India;
Track 11: Biohydrogen:
Biohydrogen is described as hydrogen produced biologically, most often by algae, bacteria and archaea. Biohydrogen is a potential biofuel attainable from both cultivation and from waste organic materials. Recently, there is a huge demand for hydrogen. There is no record of the production volume and use of hydrogen world-wide; however utilization of hydrogen was predicted to have reached 900 billion cubic meters in 2011.Refineries are large-volume producers and consumers of hydrogen. Today 96% of all hydrogen is extracted from fossil fuels, with 48% from natural gas, 30% from hydrocarbons, 18% from coal and about 4% by electrolysis. Oil-sands processing, gas-to-liquids and coal gasification projects that are existing, require a vast amount of hydrogen and is presumed to raise the requirement notably within the next few years. Environmental regulations administered in most countries, increase the hydrogen demand at refineries for gas-line and diesel desulfurization. A significant future aspect of hydrogen could be as a replacement for fossil fuels, once the oil deposits are exhausted. This application is however dependent on the advancement of storage techniques to enable proper storage, distribution and combustion of hydrogen. If the cost of hydrogen generation, distribution, and end-user technologies decreases, hydrogen as a fuel could be penetrating the market in 2020.Industrial fermentation of hydrogen, or molecular catalysis, requires a finite amount of energy, since fission of water is accomplished with whole cell catalysis, to reduce the activation energy. This permits hydrogen to be manufactured from any organic matter that can be copied through whole cell catalysis as this process does not rely on the energy of substrate.
Related Conferences on Biohydrogen:
3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; International Biochemical Engineering Conference, May 15-17 2017, Rome, Italy; International Conference on Biochemical Engineering, May 15-17 2017, Rome, Italy; International Hydrogen Conference, Sept 11-14 2016, Wyoming, USA; 7th World Hydrogen Technology Convention, July 9-12 2017, Prague, Czech Republic; 18th International Conference on Hydrogen Production and Storage, Sept 5 – 6, 2016, Tokyo, Japan; Iowa Renewable Fuels Association; Bioenergy Association of Ukraine;
Track 12: Food vs. Fuels Debate:
Food versus fuel is the plight regarding the risk of distracting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the drawback of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate concerns wide-ranging views, and is an abiding, controversial one in the literature. There is a conflict about the sense of the issue, what is creating it, and what can or should be rendered to remedy the situation. This intricacy and uncertainty is due to the wide number of concussion and criticism loops that can positively or negatively affect the price system. Furthermore, the relative strengths of these positive and negative impacts change in the short and long terms, and implicate delayed effects. The academic side of the debate is also obscured by the applicability of different economic models and competing forms of statistical market analysis.
Related Conferences on Food vs. Fuels Debate:
2nd World Bioenergy Congress Expo, Jun 29-30, 2017, Madrid, Spain; 3rd International Biofuels-Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4, 2017, Toronto, Canada; International Biochemical Engineering Conference, May 15-17 2017, Rome, Italy; Conference on Science, Policy and the Environment, Jan 24-26, 2017, Washington, DC; International Conference on Green Chemistry, May 16-19, La Rochelle, France; 18th International Conference on Biofuels Bioenergy, Dec 29-30 2016, Paris, France; Illinois Soybean Association; Russian Biofuel Association;
Track 13: Biorefineries:
A biorefinery is a center that melds biomass conversion processes and equipment to manufacture fuels, power, heat, and chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery concept is parallel to today's petroleum refinery, which makes various fuels and products from petroleum. Biorefining is the sustainable conversion of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products and bioenergy. By producing various products, a biorefinery takes advantage of the various parts in biomass and their intermediates therefore maximizing the value acquired from the biomass feedstock. A biorefinery could, for instance, manufacture one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical or nutraceutical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel. At the same time generating electricity and process heat, by combined heat and power (CHP) technology, for its own use and perhaps adequate for sale of electricity to the local utility. The high-value products boost profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet energy needs, and the power production aids to lower energy costs and minimize greenhouse gas emissions from conventional power system facilities. Although some facilities prevail that can be called bio-refineries, the bio-refinery has yet to be fully accomplished. Future biorefineries may play a vital role in yielding chemicals and materials that are traditionally extracted from petroleum.
Related Conferences on Biorefineries:
International Conference on Renewable Energy Resources, Jul 24-26, 2017, Vancouver, Canada; 2nd World Bioenergy Congress and Expo, June 29-30, 2017, Spain; 3rd International Biofuels Bioenergy Conference, Oct 2-4 2017, Toronto, Canada; Frontiers in Biorefining, Nov 8-11, 2016, Georgia, USA; 13th Conference on Renewable Resources and Biorefineries, June 7 - 9, 2017, Wroclaw, Poland; 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference, 28-30 March, 2017, Stockholm, Sweden; Ontario BioFuels Association; Latvian Bioenergy Association;
Keywords of Biofuels Conference 2018
- Biofuel Basics
- Alternative Energy
- Biofuels Pros and Cons
- How is Biofuels Made
- Types of Biofuels
- First Generation Biofuels
- Second Generation Biofuels
- Third-Generation Biofuels
- Fourth-Generation Biofuels
- Algae Fuel
- Biofuel Plants
- Corn Ethanol
- Vegetable Oil
- Sugarcane Ethanol
- Green Diesel
- Solid Biofuels
- Dried Plants
- Cellulosic Ethanol
- Fischer-Tropsch Biodiesel
- Jatropha Biofuel
- Animal Gut Bacteria
- Fungal Biofuel
- Work of Biofuels
- Sustainable Biofuels
- Biofuel Issues
- Biofuel Facts
- Aviation Biofuels
The liquid fuel that can be directly obtained from the organic matter are called Biofuels They can be used for transportation needs. They are classified based on the process used in them and the organic matter from which it is derived.
A Biofuelis a type of fuel which is obtained from biological process they can be used as an alternative to the fossil fuels which is derived from geological process. Biofuels can be directly extracted from plants or in directly extracted from agricultural or industrial waste.
Any source of energy that is an alternative to a fossil fuel comes Under alternative energy. They address concern such as global warming. Marine energy, hydroelectric, wind, geothermal and solar power. This type of energy is derived from untraditional methods.
Biofuels Pros and Cons
Biofuels are environment-friendly. They are much efficient & cleaner than fossil fuels, producing less air pollution and using materials that would otherwise be considered as waste products.
The Biofuels are flexible, that is they can be mixed with other fuels.
With the increased use of biofuels there will be an urge to grow more of the crops meant for biofuel production instead of food crops. A reduced food production can increase the price which may lead to inflation.
Biofuels are not widely available and not many people are aware about it.
How are Biofuels Made
The energy that we get from biofuels originally came from the sun. This solar energy was captured through photosynthesis by the plants.
Sugar crops or starch can be fermented to produce ethanol,Natural oils from plants like oil palm, soybean, or algae can be burned directly in a diesel engine or a furnace.
Types of Biofuels
Biofuels, like fossil fuels, come in a number of forms and meets a number of different energy needs. The class of biofuels is subdivided into four generations, each of which contains several different fuels.
First Generation Biofuels
First generation biofuels are made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil. First generation biofuels are the “original” biofuels and constitute most biofuels currently in use. If used in large quantity, would have a large impact on the food supply.
Second Generation Biofuels
Second generation biofuels are “greener” in that they are made from sustainable feedstock. In this use, the term sustainable is defined by the availability of the feedstock, the impact of its use on greenhouse gas emissions, its impact on biodiversity, and its impact on land use (water, food supply, etc.). At this point, most second-generation fuels are underdevelopment and not widely available for use.
The term third generation biofuel has only recently entered the mainstream it refers to biofuel derived from algae. Previously, algae were lumped in with second generation biofuels. However, when it became apparent that algae are capable of much higher yields with lower resource inputs than other feedstock, many suggested that they be moved to their own category.
Fourth Generation Biofuels
Biofuels which can be made using non-arable land, and do not require the destruction of biomass.The fourth-generation biofuels be made anywhere where CO2 and water is found in sufficient concentration; less controversial for biodiversity, environment advocates. Generally, the processes produce drop-in fuels.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter. Burning biomass releases carbon emissions, but has been classed as a renewable energy source in the EU and UN legal frameworks, because plant stocks can be replaced with new growth.
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel. Biodiesel can be produced from straight vegetable oil, animal oil/fats, tallow and waste cooking oil. The process used to convert these oils to Biodiesel is called transesterification.
Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are an alternative to commonly known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. Several companies and government agencies are funding efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially viable.
The plants used in biofuel production are classified based on the amount of vegetable oil in the crop for Biodiesel production and the amount of starch sugar and cellulose content for ethanol production.
Some examples are maize, cashew nut, oats, lupin, kenaf, calendula.
ethanol is ethanol produced from corn that is used as a biomass. Corn ethanol is produced by means of ethanol fermentation and distillation. Corn ethanol is mainly used as an oxygenate in gasoline to produce a low-level blend. To a lesser extent, it is used as fuel for E85 flex-fuel vehicles.
Vegetable oil can be used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines and in heating oil burners. When vegetable oil is used directly as a fuel, in either modified or unmodified equipment, it is referred to as straight vegetable oil (SVO) or pure plant oil (PPO). Conventional diesel engines can be modified to help ensure that the viscosity of the vegetable oil is low enough to allow proper atomization of the fuel.
Sugarcane ethanol is an alcohol-based fuel produced by the fermentation of sugarcane juice and molasses. Because it is a clean, affordable and low-carbon biofuel, sugarcane ethanol has emerged as a leading renewable fuel for the transportation sector.
Biodiesel is defined as a fuel that is comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oil or animal fats. Green diesel is defined as a fuel produced from non-fossil renewable resources, including agricultural or silvicultural plants, animal fats, residue, and waste generated from the production, processing, and marketing of agricultural products, silvicultural products, and other renewable resources.
Biogas means a gas produced by the anaerobic digestion or fermentation of organic matter. The organic matter can be manure, sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, biodegradable waste or any other biodegradable feedstock. Biogas is mainly methane and carbon dioxide.
Butanol is an alcohol that can be used as a solvent or fuel. Biobutanol refers to butanol that has been produced from biomass. Biobutanol is produced by a microbial fermentation, and can be made from the same range of sugar, starch or cellulosic feedstocks. Biobutanol production is currently more expensive than ethanol so it has not been commercialized on a large scale.
Out of the alcohols that have been used as a fuel. The first four aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol) are of interest as fuels because they can be synthesized chemically or biologically, and they have characteristics which allow them to be used in internal combustion engines. One advantage shared by the four major alcohol fuels is their high-octane rating. This tends to increase their fuel efficiency and largely offsets the lower energy density of vehicular alcohol fuels (as compared to petrol/gasoline and diesel fuels).
Bioester – renewable fuel, produced from plant oils (mainly rapeseed oil), mainly aimed at Diesel engine vehicles. Bioester may be used as independent fuel or in a mixture of free-form proportions with the conventional diesel oil.
Humans have been using solid biofuels for heat and for cooking since dawn of civilization (Solid biofuels in form of firewood/fuelwood has been in use since the dawn of civilization. Wood, sawdust, leaves can all constitute biofuels
Ethanol, the most popular and commercial biofuel, has long been refined out of plant matter, but it requires the costly, energy-intensive step of distilling every molecule of water out of the solution. In contrast, the new biodiesel process is based on aqueous phase reactions, which don’t need to go through the expensive distillation phase.
Cellulosic ethanol is ethanol produced from cellulose rather than from the plant’s seeds or fruit. It is a biofuel produced from grasses, wood, algae, or other plants. The fibrous parts of the plants are mostly inedible to animals, including humans, except for ruminants.Considerable interest in cellulosic ethanol exists because it has the potential for strong economic importance.
Hydrogen produced through the action of living organisms is called biohydrogen. This is a type of biofuel, Biohydrogen may also be produced by fermentation. Fermentation of renewable materials by bacteria may take place in light (photo fermentation) or in the absence of light (dark fermentation).
2,5-Dimethylfuran is a heterocyclic compound with the formula (CH3)2C4H2O. Often abbreviated DMF this simple derivative of furan, is a potential biofuel. Fructose can be converted into 2,5-dimethylfuran in a catalytic biomass-to-liquid process. The conversion of fructose to DMF proceeds via hydroxymethylfurfural.
A biorefinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, heat, and value-added chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery concept is analogous to today’s petroleum refinery, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum.
The Fischer–Tropsch process is a collection of chemical reactions that converts a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons. It was first developed by Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch at Germany, in 1925. The process, a key component of gas to liquids technology.
Jatropha curcas, a poisonous shrub-like tree that produces seeds considered by many to be a viable source of biofuels feedstock oil. Much of this research focuses on improving the overall per acre oil yield of Jatropha through advancements in genetics, soil science, and horticultural practices.
Animal Gut Bacteria
Microbial gastrointestinal flora in a variety of animals have shown potential to produce biofuels. Recent research has shown that TU-103, a strain of Clostridium bacteria found in Zebra feces, can convert nearly any form of cellulose into butanol fuel. Microbes in panda waste are being investigated for their use in creating biofuels from bamboo and other plant materials.
Fungi probably have received the least attention, positive or negative, in the biofuel arena. However, research has demonstrated that several types of fungi may make it easier and more efficient to produce biofuels from plant feedstock. In some cases, scientists are even wondering if these fungi might better explain how crude oil came to exist than current theories.
Work of Biofuels
Biofuels are designed to replace gasoline, diesel fuel and coal, which are called “fossil fuels” because they are made from animals and plants that died millions of years ago. Biofuels are made mostly from plants that have just been harvested.
Sustainable biofuel is biofuel produced in a sustainable manner. The idea is to support biofuel development, including the development of new cellulosic technologies, with responsible policies and economic instruments to help ensure that biofuel commercialization is sustainable.
There are various social, economic, environmental and technical issues with biofuel productionthey include the effect of moderating oil prices, the “food vs fuel” debate, poverty reduction potential, carbon emissions levels, sustainable biofuel production, deforestation and soil erosion.
- Henry Ford designed the first car to run on biofuel - ethanol. It was the Model T Ford.
- The inventor of the diesel engine - Rudolf Diesel - designed it to run on vegetable oil.
- As cars became more popular petroleum based fuel became more economical than biofuel and vehicles were designed to use gasoline and diesel instead of vegetable oils.
Aviation biofuel is a biofuel used for aircraft. It is considered by some to be the primary means by which the aviation industry can reduce its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical review from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuels were approved for commercial use in July 2011.
Bio derived synthetic paraffinic Keroseneis produced by using oil which is extracted from plant sources like Jatropha, algae, tallows, other waste oils, Babassu and Camelinaby cracking and hydro processing.
The second route involves processing solid biomass using pyrolysis to produce pyrolysis oil or gasificationwhich is then processed into Fischer– Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene.
Bio based economy, bio economy or biotechonomy refers to all economic activity derived from scientific and research activity focused on biotechnology. In other words, understanding mechanisms and processes at the genetic and molecular levels and applying this understanding to creating or improving industrial processes.
Scope and Importance: -
Fuel for transport makes up almost a third of the current world energy consumption. Biofuels – have emerged as one of many possible alternatives to fossil fuels that might help meet our energy needs in an environmentally sustainable way. A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. Now, biofuels make up only a small proportion of world energy use, but this is expected to increase, due in part to targets and policies that are encouraging uptake of biofuels for transport. It has been estimated that biofuels will provide almost 9 per cent of transport fuel in Europe by 2020.The main reason for biofuel over fossil fuel is Energy security- Energy security is the constant availability and supply of affordable energy for consumers and industry. Risks to energy security include, for example, disruptions to the supply of imported fossil fuels, limited availability of fuel, and energy price spikes. The possibility of deriving biofuels from locally grown sources and using them as alternatives to petrol products is attractive for many countries, including the UK, that currently depend largely on fossil fuels.
The development of new biofuels technology is a rapidly growing field of research. The aim is to produce economically viable biofuels that generate fewer greenhouse gases and use fewer natural resources than current production methods. Two of the main approaches in development are biofuels made from non-edible parts of crops (known as lignocellulosic biofuels) and biofuels made from algae.
“A Central Hub in the Universal Economy”
Dubai has evolved into a key player in the global economy and it aspires to boost its position by embellishing its standing as a universal business center to be amidst the top 5 centers for trade, finance, logistics and tourism. Dubai’s proclamation as the Capital of Islamic Economy is a substantial step in identifying Dubai as one of the leading economic centers. This theme targets on inspiring Dubai to a sustainable economic model herded by modernization, and productivity in capital and labour, and backed by the greatest business friendly environment. In addition, the theme features the importance of a varied set of value-added economic actions that would improve Dubai’s economic flexibility and allow it to ingest internal and external impacts.
A City that Relishes Sustainable Economic Growth: Economic growth that is flexible to disruptive shocks because it is established by a diverse base of economic activity, modernization in business models and growing productivity of labour and capital.
One of the World’s Leading Business Centers: Normally ranked as one of the top 5 global centers for finance, trade, tourism and logistics as well as internationally acknowledged as the chief financial and trading center at the heart of the Islamic economy.
The Greatest Business Friendly City and a Favorite Investment Destination: Dubai is the chosen investment destination for foreign capital, and catches its position as the most business-friendly destination in the world.
Why to Attend???
Biofuels Conference 2018 provides a podium to globalize the research by establishing a dialogue amidst industries and academic organizations and knowledge transmission from research to industry. The field of Biofuels have not only helped the development in different fields in science and technology but also contributed towards the improvement of the quality of human life. All this has become possible with the different discoveries and inventions leading to the development of various applications. Biofuels Conference 2017 aspires in proclaim awareness and part new ideas amidst the professionals, industrialists and students from research fields of Biofuel and Bioenergy to interact their research experiences and indulge themselves in interactive discussions and special sessions at the event.
- Fuel Engineers
- Chemical Scientists/Research Professors
- Junior/Senior research fellows of Chemical Engineering /Petroleum Engineering / Bio engineering
- Petroleum Companies / Biofuel / Chemical Companies
- Petroleum engineering / Chemical Engineering Associations
- Petroleum and Chemical Engineers
- Engineers and Delegates from Aviation and Automobile companies
- Directors/Co-Directors of Research based companies across Europe and US who are investing in Biofuels and Bioenergy
Major Biomass Research Associations around the Globe:
- American Biofuels Council
- Biomass Energy Research Association
- Canadian Renewable Fuels Association
- The International Biochar Initiative
- Vermont Biofuels Association
- Algae Biomass Association
- World Bioenergy Association
- Biomass Thermal Energy Council
- World council for Renewable Energy
- European Biomass Association
- Bioenergy West Midlands
- Biomass Energy Centre
- Renewable Energy Association
- UK Energy Research Centre
- European Bioenergy Research Institute
- Back Biomass Industry
- Marches Wood Energy Network Ltd
Top Universities in Dubai:
- Al Ghurair University
- University of Dubai
- Zayed University
- Biotechnology University College Dubai
- The Higher Colleges of Technology
- Al Ghurair University
- Al Falah University
- Jumeirah College
Market Value on Biofuels Production and Consumption:
Biofuel production is expected to consume 10.4% and 12% of global coarse grains and vegetable oil production respectively in 2025. By 2025, 22% of global sugarcane production should be used to produce ethanol. Global ethanol production is projected to increase modestly during the outlook period from about 115.6 Bln L in 2015 to nearly 128.4 Bln L by 2025. More than half of this increase is expected to originate from Brazil mostly to fill domestic demand. The second largest contributor to the expansion in ethanol production is Thailand. In the United States, ethanol production will increase in 2016 and 2017 to meet the stronger demand induced by low crude oil prices and implied higher gasoline use and then decrease slightly because of lower transportation fuels demand.
Figure1: World Ethanol Production by 2025
Global ethanol use is projected to increase by 12.4 Bln L during the outlook period. Ethanol use in the United States is limited by the blend wall and declining petrol use prospects from 2018 to the end of the projection period. A limited development of the flex-fuel car sector is assumed. In this context, ethanol use is expected to decrease from 56 Bln L in 2016 to 54.9 Bln L by 2025 leaving the United States in a net export position throughout the projection period. Global biodiesel use is expected to increase by 10 Bln L over the projection period. In the European Union, biodiesel use is projected to increase from 12 Bln L in 2015 to 13 Bln L in 2020 when the RED target is met. By 2025, European biodiesel use is expected to decrease to 11.6 Bln L. The lower volume represents an average share of biodiesel in diesel type fuels of 5.7% in volume terms.
Figure 2: World Biodiesel Production by 2025
Projected value of the global biofuels market from 2020 to 2023:
This statistic represents the value of the global biofuels market from 2020 to 2013. It is projected that the global market for biofuels will be sized at approximately 140 billion U.S. dollars in 2021.
Figure 3: Industry value in Billions USD Dollars
Biorefinery Technologies: Global Markets: -
- The global market for biorefinery technologies will grow from $466.6 billion in 2016 to $714.6 billion by 2021, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.9% for the period of 2016-2021.
- The biological market will grow from $245.3 billion in 2016 to $376.4 billion by 2021, rising at a CAGR of 8.9%.
- The physicochemical market is expected to increase from $182.3 billion in 2016 to $274.7 billion by 2021 with a CAGR of 8.5%.
Figure 4: Global Market for Bio Refinery
Global Markets and Technologies for Biofuel Enzymes: -
- Global revenue for biofuel enzymes totaled $623.0 million in 2014 and should total $652.1 million in 2015 and $1.0 billion by 2020, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.4%.
- The U.S. market for biofuel enzymes should total $208.5 million in 2015 and $355.7 million by 2020, increasing at a five-year CAGR of 11.3% through 2020.
- The European market for biofuel enzymes is estimated to grow from $198.6 million in 2015 to $325.2 million by 2020, with a CAGR of 10.4%.
Figure 5: Global Revenue for Biofuels
*Source: BCC Research, Transparency Market Research & Markets and Market
Past Conference Report
Biofuels Conference 2017
The 4th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy hosted by the Conference Series held during April 27-28, 2017 at Dubai, UAE with the theme “Endowing a footprint of accountable economical evolution". Benevolent response and active participation was received from the scientists, engineers, researchers, students and leaders from the fields of Biofuels and Bioenergy, who made this event successful.
The meeting was carried out through various sessions, in which the discussions were held on the following major scientific tracks:
- Advanced Biofuels
- Production of Biofuels
- Aviation biofuels
The conference was initiated with a series of lectures delivered by both Honorable Guests and members of the Keynote forum. The list included:
- Jizhong Zhou, University of Oklahoma, USA
- Rick Musleh, Government of Saskatchewan, Canada
- Qaun (Sophia) He, Dalhousie University, Canada
- Ka Fu Yung, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
- Jose Marques, IncBio, Portugal
- Amruta Kshemkalyani, Sustainability Tribe, UAE
- Muhammad Usman, Former Director General of Agricultural Research System, Pakistan
Conference Series offers its heartfelt appreciation to Organizing Committee Members, adepts of field, various outside experts, company representatives and other eminent personalities who supported the conference by facilitating the discussion forums. Conference Series also took privilege to felicitate the Organizing Committee Members who supported this event.
Thanks to all of our wonderful speakers and conference attendees. Biofuels Conference 2017 was our best ever!
With the grand success of Biofuels Conference 2017, Conference Series is proud to announce the “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held during April 16-17, 2018 at Dubai, UAE
Let us meet again @ Biofuels Conference 2018
For More details visit: http://biofuels-bioenergy.conferenceseries.com/middleeast/
Past Reports Proceedings Gallery
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