Day 2 :
Nayudamma Centre for Development Alternatives, India
Anumakonda Jagadeesh holds a Ph.D from prestigious Unversity of Roorkee(Now IITR), India. He published over 150 Research Papers in International Journals and over 50 Research papers submitted at International Conferences. He is the recipient of several awards including the prestigious Margaret Noble Foundation Seattle,USA Award in Energy Technology.
Apart from Solar,wind and other renewables bioenergy is best suited to our country in view of vast waste land and huge manpower hitherto ethanol is produced from sugar cane and corn. But there is a debate”Food Vs Fuel” and there is the need to find alternatives. The former US president Barack Obama has reduced subsidies on ethanol from sugarcane and corn. The alternative is biofuel from carefree growth, regenerative CAM plant like sisal agave and tequila. Being CAM plant it will act as “CARBON SINK”. Agave is a versatile plant well suited for millions of hectares of wastelands in India. Agave-derived renewable fuels, products and chemicals biofuels ethanol(1st and 2nd generations), biobutanol, biometh-anol, biojet fuel, green gasoline,
biooil, biocrude, biodiesel, biocoal, biochar, H2, syngas,biogas, torrefie d pellets and briquettes, drop-in fuels, pyrolysis oil, and biochar. Bioproducts Agave syrup(kosher), Powder inulin, healthy sweetners, far substitute (ice cream), bioplastics, cellulose, paper, acids, CO, CO2, biopolymers, pressed boards, geotextiles, fibres, phenols, adhesives, wax, antifreeze, film(food wrap), fertilisers, insulating foam and panes, gel, pectin, non wooven material9disposable diapers), mouldings, concrete additive, food additives, composite materials, esters, substitute for asbestos, in fiberglass,hydrocarbons, petrochemical precursors, activated coal, secondary metabolites, detergent, glycols, furfurans, resins, polyurethanes, epoxy, aromatics, olefins, paints and
lubricants. Green electricity Pellets and briquettes, syngas, biooil, biocoal, biogas, biochar, H2 cells, ammonia and pyrolysis oil. CO2 Sequestering in the soil Biochar. Agave: Competitive Advantages 1. Uses marginal dry-land (41% of the Earth’s surface). 2. Most Efficient use of soil, water and light. 3. Massive production. Year- round harvesting. 4. Very high yields. Very low inputs. 5. Lowest cost of production among energy crops. 6. Not a commodity, so prices are not volatile. 7. Very versatile: biofuels, bioproducts, chemicals. 8. 100 M tonnes established in the 5 continents 9. Enhanced varieties are ready. Mexico is pioneer in utilising every part of Agave for commercial exploitation. Will India follow? Ours is an agrarian economy. Let us utilise our
resources fully so that there will be more rural employment and climate change abatement by providing CAM plants. Agave as Aviation Fuel: AusAgave has spent the last ten years developing intellectual property on the drought resistant agave genus by embracing plant propagation, agronomy, cropping, and harvesting techniques which result in “plantations affording at least a 50 percent yield per acre improvement over historic sugarcane productivity,” according to the firm. “The results of our recent harvesting program have already proven our efforts to substantially increase sugar yields and decrease delivered sugar costs for select agave species, and we fully expect to continue decreasing sugar costs over the next few years,” states Chambers. Why Agave? How about ethanol yields of 10,000 liters per hectare (1070 gallons per acre, per year)? That’s a start. According to Byogy, AusAgave’s recent harvest results already demonstrate the production of low cost sugars allowing Byogy’s technology “to produce cost competitive gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, and a suite of chemicals at or below that of petroleum products without infrastructure modification, blending, or government subsidies.”( Tequila Sunrise: Companies Sign Pact to Advance Agave as Aviation Biofuels Feedstock, Renewable Energy World, June 18, 2014, By Jim Lane , CEO).
LJBill Chemical Consulting, USA
Time : 09:30-10:00
Lorenz Bauer earned his PhD from Washington University. He is an independent consultant associated with Lee Enterprises Consulting. He has worked over 30 years at Honeywell/UOP and start-ups developing new technologies in the chemical, environmental and energy fields. He is an inventor of over 26 patents and has published more than 15 papers in peer-reviewed journals. Currently, he is evaluating new technologies, his clients include the USDOE, the Southern Research Institute and several University Technology Transfer Departments.
Advanced biofuels are made from non-edible feedstocks including lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or wastes. Attempts to commercially produce these new fuels have lagged well behind expectations. There are few success stories to date despite significant investment. Low oil prices and highly publicized failures caused to the industry appear to be inactive. Commercialization efforts are continuing, and there are major projects under development. The next wave of implementation will benefit from the missteps of the prior attempts. There are major projects in progress in North America, South America, Asia, and Europe. These projects are a target at opportunities to valorize underused resources and convert wastes to fuels. There is a continued effort to supplement the income from fuel production by producing high value-added products. To be successful, an advanced biofuel production process must overcome some challenges. Lowering the cost of production is critical. There are concerns about the infrastructure, the economy of scales, complete utilization of the biomass, process integration and lowering the complexity of the process. Improving impression of advanced biofuels is critical. Government support has been shaken by the slow progress and pressure from both environmental groups concerned with land use and sustainability and those supporting the growth of first generation fuels. Other renewable technologies have claimed the attention of the public.
Osaka Prefecture University, Japan
Keynote: Cascade utilization of biomass waste for the prodction of high quality BDF whose price is competitive to petro-diesel
Time : 10:00-10:30
Yasuaki Maeda has completed his PhD from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1970 and postdoctoral studies from National Council Canada from 1977-1979. He was a professor in Osaka Prefecture University(OPU) from 1991-2005. He is now an emeritus professor and working as Guest Professor in OPU, VNU Hanoi and VNU Ho Chi Minh.
Overall Goal of our study is to realize the effective measure for the mitigation of climate change, improvement of environmental pollution by cultivation-production-utilization of biomass energy, especially Biodiesel Fuel (BDF). We implement the project based on the following Outputs.
(1). Establish the effective technology for selection of the varieties of high yield oil plants, suitable to soil conditions and climate of each region; application of advanced farming techniques to develop material zones for oil to produce biodiesel. Considering the Indirect Land Use Change.
(2). Development of the green technology for BDF production and recovery by-products.
(2.1). Establish green co-solvent one-phase and two-phase technology with high efficiency, less emission of waste and being able to eliminate toxin, the scale of 300-1000kg/batch for biodiesel production to reach and exceed VN standards ISO 7717-2007s to produce biodiesel from plant oils and animal fats with different free fatty acid (FFA) contents.
(2.2). Establish technology for solvent recovery and purification of by-product glycerol ( more than 99% purity) by microwave method and develop the technology to utilize purified glycerin for the fuel of fuel cell and additive for acceleration of photocatalytic hydrogen generation from water
IMT Mines Albi, France
Keynote: Syngas cleaning and characterization
Time : 10:50-11:20
Ange Nzihou is Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering. He is Director RAPSODEE Research Centre-CNRS. He is Editor-in-Chief of a Springer Journal "Waste and Biomass Valorization" and chair of the Waste Eng. Conference series. His research is focused on Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass and Waste to Energy and Added Value Materials. A second field is the characterization, mechanisms, elaboration, functionalization of composites for energy and depollution. He has published more than 120 papers in peer-reviewed journal, has delivered more than 30 plenary and keynote lectures in international conferences over the 10 past years. He is Guest Professor in number leading universities in USA, China, India, and Europe
The production of synthesis gas (syngas) from biomass and biowaste is currently considered as an attractive renewable feedstock and promising route to produce chemicals, hydrogen, biofuels, and electricity by both the industrial and scientific communities. This trend is likely to continue in the foreseeable future due to the ever-increasing pressures from emissions regulations and end-user device quality requirements. Syngas is a mixture of hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) produced from the gasification or reforming of various carbonaceous feedstock. Raw syngas contains contaminants that must be characterized and mitigated to meet process requirements and pollution control regulations. Depending on the physical and chemical characteristics of the feedstock different technological pathways can be applied to produce syngas. The typical components of raw syngas can be classified into three groups: non-condensable gases (e.g. H2, CO, CH4, and CO2), condensable gases (e.g. H2O and tars) and impurities (e.g. HCl, NH3, H2S and particulates). Depending on the application, raw syngas may need to be cleaned of impurities and conditioned to adjust the H2/CO ratio in order to meet the requirements of environmental regulations and downstream processes respectively. Hence, an accurate characterization of the syngas chemical composition, at the different processing stages, is important to control and optimize the process efficiency. In this paper, various methods and equipment for sampling, preconditioning and analyzing the syngas components will be discussed. Analyses of the equipment detection limits, gas matrix sensitivity, and overall accuracy will also be made. Some applications of syngas will be also discussed.