Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 7th International Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy Toronto, Canada.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Lee Rybeck Lynd

Dartmouth College, USA

Keynote: Cellulosic biofuels: Realizing climate benefits and new processing paradigms

Time : 09:00-09:30

OMICS International Biofuels-2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Lee Rybeck Lynd photo
Biography:

Lee Lynd is an expert on the production of energy from plant biomass and conducts leading research on microbial cellulose utilization. His H-Index of 59 (Google scholar) is among the highest of researchers with primary activity in the bioenergy field. He has authored over 200 papers, book chapters, and reviews spanning both laboratory research and visionary analysis. In addition to leading his research group, his activities at Thayer School include teaching the undergraduate systemscourse as well as graduate courses in metabolic engineering and energy systems, and curriculum development and strategic planning in the energy area.

Abstract:

Estimation of the climate impacts of biofuels and bioenergy has in general been approached by asking what would be the consequences of deployment assuming land use and other decisions were made without regard to climate. Drawing on recent analysis, the author will demonstrate that different answers result if instead we ask how bioenergy should be produced in order to achieve climate benefits. Notwithstanding important advances, the cellulosic biofuels field has fallen far short of expectations over the last decade and it is clear that technological readiness was widely overestimated. In response to this circumstance, advancing the cellulosic biofuels field needs to be more open to stepwise deployment taking advantage of niche opportunities, and to direct research and development effort to both established processing paradigms and new processing paradigms. Consolidated bioprocessing with treatment will be considered as an example of the latter.

Keynote Forum

Marc Rosen

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada

Keynote: Bioenergy and energy sustainability

Time : 09:30-10:00

OMICS International Biofuels-2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Marc Rosen photo
Biography:

Marc A Rosen is a Professor in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology in Oshawa, Canada. He served as Founding Dean of the Faculty from 2002-08. He was President of the Engineering Institute of Canada for 2008-10. He served as President of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering from 2002 to 2004, and is a registered Professional Engineer in Ontario. He is also Editor-in-Chief of several journals, including Biofuels.

Abstract:

Sustainability is a critically important goal for human activity and development. Energy sustainability is of great importance to any plans for overall sustainability given the pervasiveness of energy use, its importance in economic development and living standards, and the significant impacts that energy processes and systems have on the environment. Many factors that need to be considered and appropriately addressed in moving towards energy sustainability are examined in this presentation. These include appropriate selection of energy resources bearing in mind sustainability criteria, facilitation of the use of sustainable energy resources, enhancement of the efficiency of energy-related processes, and a holistic adoption of environmental stewardship in energy activities. In addition, other key sustainability measures are addressed, such as economics, equity, land use, lifestyle, sociopolitical factors and population. The specific role that bioenergy has in the broader context of energy sustainability is described throughout. Conclusions are provided related both to options and pathways for energy sustainability and to the broader ultimate objective of sustainability.

OMICS International Biofuels-2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Rajai H Atalla photo
Biography:

Rajai H Atalla has completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering and Chemical Physics from University of Delaware, USA. He has 40+ years of experience in research on cellulosics and lignocellulosics. He has served as a Consultant to many companies in the forest products and cellulosics sectors. He has undertaken research under contract for National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and served as a Member of working group for US Department of Energy. He has also served as a Professor of Engineering and Chemical Physics at Institute of Paper Chemistry in Appleton, Wisconsin. In 1989, he became Head of Chemistry and Pulping Research at the USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory in Madison, Wisconsin and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He has established Cellulose Sciences International (CSI) in 2007 to undertake research for NREL and develop the CSI process. He has well over 200 peer reviewed publications, book chapters and patents to his credit.

 

Abstract:

We have developed a proprietary process for transforming celluloses into previously unknown nanoporous forms. The process is carried out at ambient temperature and pressure by a method that uses only water, ethanol, sodium hydroxide and carbon dioxide. Thus, both capital and operating costs are far less than those of traditional high-temperature and highpressure biomass pretreatment processes. The products are easily converted to monosaccharides that can be used as feedstocks for biosynthetic processes for fermentation to fuels or for other organic synthetic processes. The process can also convert low-value agricultural residues into nutritious feeds for ruminant livestock. The effectiveness of the transformation is reflected by reduction of the enzyme dosages necessary for hydrolysis to monosaccharides by an order of magnitude. When applied to agricultural residues the process increases their digestibility by ruminants from 30-90%. We will describe the process and present results that reflect its effectiveness.

 

Keynote Forum

Henrik V Scheller

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

Keynote: Engineering of plants for improved conversion into biofuels and bioproducts

Time : 10:45-11:15

OMICS International Biofuels-2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Henrik V Scheller photo
Biography:

Henrik V. Scheller is a senior scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Adjunct Professor at Department of Plant & Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, and Adjunct Professor at Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen. He earned his Ph.D. in Plant Biochemistry from The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark, after completing a degree in biology at University of Copenhagen. Henrik V. Scheller was professor of molecular plant biology at University of Copenhagen until before joining Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to work at the Joint BioEnergy Institute where he is Head of the Feedstocks Division.

 

Abstract:

Biomass consists of about 30% xylan, a polysaccharide composed of pentoses. Hexoses are more easily converted to biofuels andbioproducts, and therefore it is advantageous to develop plants with a higher ratio of C6 to C5 sugars in their cell walls.Another major component of biomass is lignin, which is an aromatic polymer that is responsible for biomass recalcitrance and is difficult to convert to fuels or bioproducts. Therefore, it is a goal to decrease the amount of lignin in biofuel feedstocks. However, both xylan and lignin are important components in plants and must be retained in vessels. We have developed strategies to reduce xylan content by at least 30% and lignin content by at least 50% in plant stems without any apparent effecton plant growth and development. The methods are based on dominant genes that can be easily translated to different plant species. Plants modified in this way were further modified to increase the accumulation of pectic galactan by overexpressing a galactan synthase, a UDP-galactose epimerase and a UDP-galactose transporter. The resulting plants are indistinguishable from the wild type under normal growth conditions. Changing the cell walls of plants may lead to altered environmental resilience and we have therefore tested the drought tolerance of some of the engineered plants. Surprisingly, many of the plants show increased drought tolerance.

 

Break:
Networking & Refreshment Break 10:30-10:45 @ Foyer
OMICS International Biofuels-2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Donald L Smith photo
Biography:

Donald L Smith (James McGill Professor) has conducted research in the production and physiology of crop plants, with an emphasis on plant-microbe interactions, most recently, within the context of biofuel feedstock production. Specific areas of research have been: nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen fixation, low temperature stress and nodulation, methods for injection of metabolites into plants, cereal production, plant growth regulators, intercropping, inter-plant competition, plant-microbe signaling, plants and climate change, biofuel crops, crop stress responses and biochar as a soil amendment. He has trained 66 graduate students, 38 PhD and 28 MSc, published >310 papers, generated 11 patents, started a spin-off company (Bios Agriculture Inc.), and commercialized technologies that are now applied to >100 million ha of crop land per year. He has been principal investigator on research grants totaling >$55 million. He currently leads the BioFuelNet Canada.

Abstract:

Canada has considerable capacity for production of advanced biofuels; feedstock is the major constraint to production. On the agricultural side, feedstocks can be purpose grown biomass crops and/or residues from food crops. Climate change will increase the frequency of conditions stressful to crop growth, and cause greater extremes of crop stress. Purpose grown crops will often be produced on more marginal lands, where stressful conditions are generally more frequent. A plant growing under field conditions is not an individual; it is a community. It has a set of regulated microbes associated with it; the microbes also exert effects over the plants. The microbial community is the phytomicrobiome and, it plus the plants are referred to as the holobiont. Microbial inoculants can improve the growth and productivity of crop plants and reduce overall costs associated with traditional inputs of fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Microbial inoculants can improve the growth and productivity of crops by helping the plants access water and nutrients, fight off diseases, and activate growth responses with signalling compounds. Microbe-to-plant signal compounds (lipo-chitooligosaccharides and thuricin 17) have been shown to increase plant growth when applied at very low concentrations, particularly when plants are growing under stressful conditions. The interaction with stress was demonstrated during the recent 5-year funding period associated with BioFuelNet Canada. They are the hormones of the holobiont. Exploiting the phytomicrobiome constitutes a new opportunity for development of low-input, sustainable practices to improve crop biomass productivity and yield, delivering more biomass from crops and crop residue, leading to greater food production from food crops, a feedstock for fuel production. Meaningful progress has already been made: the lipo-chitooligosaccharide technology is already being applied to millions of hectares of agricultural land each year. However, it is clear that enormous untapped potential remains.