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6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy, will be organized around the theme “Integration of Advanced Biofuels in the Circular Economy”

Biofuels Congress 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Biofuels Congress 2017

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Advanced biofuels are fuels that can be processed from numerous types of biomass. First generation biofuels are processed from the sugars and vegetable oils formed in arable crops, which can be smoothly extracted applying conventional technology. In comparison, advanced biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste, which makes it tougher to extract the requisite fuel. Advanced biofuel technologies have been devised because first generation biofuels manufacture has major limitations. First generation biofuel processes are convenient but restrained in most cases: there is a limit above which they cannot yield enough biofuel without forbidding food supplies and biodiversity. Many first generation biofuels rely on subsidies and are not cost competitive with prevailing fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them yield only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. When considering emissions from production and transport, life-cycle assessment from first generation biofuels usually approach those of traditional fossil fuels. Advanced biofuels can aid resolving these complications and can impart a greater proportion of global fuel supply affordably, sustainably and with larger environmental interests.

  • Track 1-1Nonfood crops for biofuels production
  • Track 1-2Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Track 1-3Thermochemical Routes
  • Track 1-4Syngas from Biomass
  • Track 1-5Second generation biofuels
  • Track 1-6Microbial pathways for advanced biofuels production
  • Track 1-7Synthesis of advanced biofuels
  • Track 1-8Advanced biofuels from pyrolysis oil
  • Track 1-9Bio-economics

Algae fuel or algal biofuel is a substitute to liquid fossil fuels that utilizes algae as its source of energy-rich oils. Also, algae fuels are a substitute to common known biofuel sources, such as corn and sugarcane. Various companies and government agencies are sponsoring efforts to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae fuel production commercially feasible. Like fossil fuel, algae fuel releases CO2 when burnt, but unlike fossil fuel, algae fuel and other biofuels only release CO2 recently withdrawn from the atmosphere via photosynthesis as the algae or plant grew. The energy crisis and the world food crisis have sparked interest in algaculture (farming algae) for making biodiesel and other biofuels utilizing land unbefitting for agriculture. Among algal fuels' attractive characteristics are that they can be cultivated with negligible impact on fresh water resources, can be generated using saline and wastewater, have a high flash point, and are biodegradable and comparatively harmless to the environment if spilled. Algae cost more per unit mass than other advanced biofuel crops due to high capital and operating costs, but are declared to generate between 10 and 100 times more fuel per unit area.

 

  • Track 2-1Culturing Algae
  • Track 2-2Algal Harvesting and Extraction Systems
  • Track 2-3New Conversion Technologies for Algal Biofuels, including catalytic, thermal, and enzymatic systems
  • Track 2-4Biofuels from microalgae and Microbes
  • Track 2-5Advances in algal biofuel production
  • Track 2-6Algal bio sequestration
  • Track 2-7Wastewater based algae biofuels production
  • Track 2-8Commercialization of algae biofuels
  • Track 2-9Cyanobacterial biofuels production
  • Track 2-10Harvesting and oil extraction system
  • Track 2-11Algal Biology - Biodiversity and Bioprospecting of Algae for Biofuels and High Value Products

Aviation biofuel is a biofuel utilized for aircraft. It is reckoned by some to be the paramount means by which the aviation industry can diminish its carbon footprint. After a multi-year technical analysis from aircraft makers, engine manufacturers and oil companies, biofuels were advocated for commercial use in July 2011. Since then, some airlines have evaluated with using of biofuels on commercial flights. The limelight of the industry has now curved to advanced sustainable biofuels (second generation sustainable aviation fuels) that do not compete with food supplies nor are major consumers of prime agricultural land or fresh water.

  • Track 3-1Developing new sources for aviation biofuels
  • Track 3-2Commercialization of aviation biofuels
  • Track 3-3Applications of aviation biofuels
  • Track 3-4Jet biofuel
  • Track 3-5Green replacement fuels in flights
  • Track 3-6Synthesis of aviation biofuel via Fischer-Tropsch process
  • Track 3-7Cost reduction policies
  • Track 3-8Large scale biogas production & challenges
  • Track 3-9Risk analysis of aviation fuels

Biomass is organic matter extracted from living, or recently living organisms. Biomass can be utilized as a source of energy and it most often directs to plants or plant-based matter which are not used for food or feed, and are precisely called lignocellulosic biomass. As an energy source, biomass can either be used directly via combustion to produce heat, or secondarily after transforming it to numerous forms of biofuel. Conversion of biomass to biofuel can be attained by various methods which are mainly categorized into: thermal, chemical, and biochemical methods.

Biomass is a renewable source of fuel to yield energy since waste residues will always prevail – in forms of scrap wood, mill residuals and forest resources and properly directed forests will always have additional trees, and we will invariably have crops and the unconsumed biological matter from those crops.

  • Track 4-1Conversion technologies
  • Track 4-2Sustainable feedstock development
  • Track 4-3Biomass and electricity
  • Track 4-4Industrial waste biomass
  • Track 4-5Recent developments in sustainable biomass
  • Track 4-6Perennial biomass feedstocks
  • Track 4-7Integrated biomass technologies
  • Track 4-8Production of microalgae Biomass

Biogas commonly refers to a mixture of various gases formed by the disintegration of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be manufactured from raw matters  such as agricultural waste, municipal waste, manure, plant material, green waste, sewage or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source and in diverse cases exerts a limited carbon footprint. Biogas can be manufactured by fermentation of biodegradable materials or anaerobic digestion with anaerobic organisms, which disintegrates material inside an isolated system. Biogas is basically methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small traces of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxanes and moisture. The gases methane, carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy yield allows biogas to be benefitted as a fuel; it can be utilized for any heating purpose, such as cooking. It can also be practiced in a gas engine to transform the energy in the gas to electricity and heat.

  • Track 5-1Biogas from agricultural waste
  • Track 5-2Biogas from algae
  • Track 5-3New & possible substrates for biogas production
  • Track 5-4Biogas technologies
  • Track 5-5Anaerobic packed-bed biogas reactors
  • Track 5-6Biogas production
  • Track 5-7Large scale biogas production & challenges

Biodiesel indicates an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel comprising of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is customarily made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol generating fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is suggested to be utilized in standard diesel engines and is thus well-defined from the vegetable and waste oils used to operate fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used singly, or blended with petrodiesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be utilized as heating oil.

  • Track 6-1Biodiesel Production
  • Track 6-2Impact of biodiesel on pollutant emissions and public health
  • Track 6-3Biodiesel production on industry level and scale up
  • Track 6-4Cost effective techniques for biodiesel production
  • Track 6-5Biodiesel as automobile fuel
  • Track 6-6Crops for biodiesel production
  • Track 6-7Biodiesel to hydrogen-cell power
  • Track 6-8Efficiency and economic arguments
  • Track 6-9Biodiesel feedstocks
  • Track 6-10Chemical Biomass to Liquid Fuel Transformatioms

Biologically synthesized alcohols, most frequently ethanol, and rarely propanol and butanol, are formed by the reaction of microorganisms and enzymes through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol (also called biogasoline) is often asserted to provide a direct stand-in for gasoline, because it can be used precisely in a gasoline engine. Ethanol fuel is the most widely used biofuel worldwide. Alcohol fuels are formed by fermentation of sugars derived from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar cane and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, can be produced (such as potato and fruit waste, etc.). The ethanol manufacturing methods applied are enzyme digestion (to release sugars from stored starches), distillation, fermentation of the sugars and drying. Ethanol can be used in petrol engines as a substitute for gasoline; it can be blended with gasoline to any concentration. Current car petrol engines can operate on mixes of up to 15% bioethanol alongwith petroleum/gasoline. Ethanol has lesser energy density than that of gasoline; this implies that it takes more fuel to generate the same amount of work. An asset of ethanol is it’s higher octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline accessible at roadside gas stations, which permits the rise of an engine's compression ratio for increased thermal efficiency. In high-altitude locations, some states direct a mix of gasoline and ethanol as a winter oxidizer to lower atmospheric pollution emissions.

  • Track 7-1Bioethanol production
  • Track 7-2Bioalcohols from algae
  • Track 7-3Generations of bioalcohols & scope of advancement
  • Track 7-4Bioalcohols as automobile fuel
  • Track 7-5Scale up on industrial level
  • Track 7-6Bioethanol utilization
  • Track 7-7Bioconversion of Lignocellulose into Bioethanol
  • Track 7-8Bioethanol as Fuel

Bioenergy is renewable energy made accessible from materials acquired from biological origin. Biomass is any organic matter which has deposited sunlight in the form of chemical energy. As a fuel it may comprise wood, straw, wood waste, sugarcane, manure, and many other by-products from different agricultural processes. In its most exclusive sense it is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel obtained from biological sources. In its wider sense it includes biomass, the biological matter utilized as a biofuel, as well as the social, scientific, economic and technical fields related with utilizing biological sources for energy. This is a common misbelief, as bioenergy is the energy cultivated from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy stored in the fuel.

  • Track 8-1Bioenergy crop-Panicum virgatum
  • Track 8-2Development of bioenergy technology
  • Track 8-3Bioenergy Conversion
  • Track 8-4Stump harvesting for bioenergy
  • Track 8-5Bioenergy feedstock
  • Track 8-6Quantitative assessment of bioenergy
  • Track 8-7Biocatalysis and bioenergy
  • Track 8-8Bioenergy crops and algae
  • Track 8-9Bioenergy cropping systems
  • Track 8-10Life cycle assessment of bioenergy system

Bioenergy is conversion of biomass resources such as agricultural and forest residues, organic municipal waste and energy crops to useful energy carriers including heat, electricity and transport fuels. Biomass is increasingly being used for modern applications such as dendro-power, co-generation and Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP). Depending on the resource availability and technical, economic and environmental impact, these can be attractive alternatives to fossil fuel based applications. Bioenergy, a renewable energy resource particularly suitable for electricity, heating & cooling in transport, will be at the core of this sectorial shift in renewable energy production and use and is expected to become the dominant form of RES before 2020.

  • Track 9-1Bioenergy for Agricultural Production
  • Track 9-2Photo bioreactors
  • Track 9-3Energy in biomass
  • Track 9-4Microbial Electrochemical Cells
  • Track 9-5Assessment of global bioenergy potentials
  • Track 9-6Bioenergy in transition
  • Track 9-7Bioenergy healing
  • Track 9-8Bioenergy systems

Biohydrogen is described as hydrogen produced biologically, most often by algae, bacteria and archaea. Biohydrogen is a potential biofuel attainable from both cultivation and from waste organic materials. Recently, there is a huge demand for hydrogen. There is no record of the production volume and use of hydrogen world-wide, however utilization of hydrogen was predicted to have reached 900 billion cubic meters in 2011.Refineries are large-volume producers and consumers of hydrogen. Today 96% of all hydrogen is extracted from fossil fuels, with 48% from natural gas, 30% from hydrocarbons, 18% from coal and about 4% by electrolysis. Oil-sands processing, gas-to-liquids and coal gasification projects that are existing, require a vast amount of hydrogen and is presumed to raise the requirement notably within the next few years. Environmental regulations administered in most countries, increase the hydrogen demand at refineries for gas-line and diesel desulfurization. A  significant future aspect of hydrogen could be as a replacement for fossil fuels, once the oil deposits are exhaustede. This application is however dependent on the advancement of storage techniques to enable proper storage, distribution and combustion of hydrogen. If the cost of hydrogen generation, distribution, and end-user technologies decreases, hydrogen as a fuel could be penetrating the market in 2020.Industrial fermentation of hydrogen, or whole-cell catalysis, requires a finite amount of energy, since fission of water is accomplished with whole cell catalysis, to reduce the activation energy. This permits hydrogen to be manufactured from any organic matter that can be copied through whole cell catalysis as this process does not rely on the energy of substrate.

  • Track 10-1Algal biohydrogen
  • Track 10-2Bacterial biohydrogen
  • Track 10-3Fermentative biohydrogen production
  • Track 10-4High-yield biohydrogen production
  • Track 10-5Enhancing biohydrogen production
  • Track 10-6Biohydrogen purification
  • Track 10-7Production of Hyderogen by Photosynthetic organisms
  • Track 10-8Emergency of the hyderogen economy

A biorefinery is a center that melds biomass conversion processes and equipment to manufacture fuels, power, heat, and chemicals from biomass. The biorefinery concept is parallel to today's petroleum refinery, which makes various fuels and products from petroleum. Biorefining is the sustainable conversion of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products and bioenergy. By producing various products, a biorefinery takes advantage of the various parts in biomass and their intermediates therefore maximizing the value acquired from the biomass feedstock. A biorefinery could, for instance, manufacture one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical or nutraceutical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel such as biodiesel.  At the same time generating electricity and process heat, by combined heat and power (CHP) technology, for its own use and perhaps adequate for sale of electricity to the local utility. The high-value products boost profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet energy needs, and the power production aids to lower energy costs and minimize greenhouse gas emissions from conventional power plant facilities. Although some facilities prevail that can be called bio-refineries, the bio-refinery has yet to be fully accomplished. Future biorefineries may play a vital role in yielding chemicals and materials that are traditionally extracted from petroleum.

  • Track 11-1Types of biorefineries
  • Track 11-2Risk management issues
  • Track 11-3Chemical conversion in biorefinery
  • Track 11-4Bio oil production
  • Track 11-5Biowaste biorefinery
  • Track 11-6Valorization of Biorefinery
  • Track 11-7Lignocellulosic material in biorefinery
  • Track 11-8Integrated biorefinery
  • Track 11-9Biorefining scheme from algal and bacterial protein sources
  • Track 11-10Biorefining systems
  • Track 11-11Principles of biorefineries
  • Track 12-1Cost models for Bioethanol Production
  • Track 12-2Delivering Biomass Substrates for Bioethanol Production
  • Track 12-3Sustainable Development and Bioethanol Production
  • Track 12-4Bioethanol market forces in 2007
  • Track 13-1Latest conversion Technologies in Biomass
  • Track 13-2Liquid Biofuels from Biomass
  • Track 13-3Trending Research from Biomass
  • Track 13-4Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass
  • Track 14-1Biological conversion
  • Track 14-2Combustion and Co-firing
  • Track 14-3Gasification and Pyrolysis
  • Track 14-4Chemical conversion from Oil-bearing crops
  • Track 15-1From waste products into renewable resources
  • Track 15-2From traditional biomass to modren bioenergy
  • Track 15-3From chemical to Biological Processes
  • Track 15-4From local fuel to global commodity
  • Track 16-1Biomass Resources for Bioenergy
  • Track 16-2Agriculture residues
  • Track 16-3Forestry materials
  • Track 16-4Energy crops

Food versus fuel is the plight regarding the risk of distracting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the drawback of the food supply. The biofuel and food price debate concerns wide-ranging views, and is an abiding, controversial one in the literature. There is a conflict about the sense of the issue, what is creating it, and what can or should be rendered to remedy the situation. This intricacy and uncertainty is due to the wide number of concussion and criticism loops that can positively or negatively affect the price system. Furthermore, the relative strengths of these positive and negative impacts change in the short and long terms, and implicate delayed effects. The academic side of the debate is also obscured by the applicability of different economic models and competing forms of statistical analysis.

  • Track 17-1Biofuels impact on food security
  • Track 17-2Nonfood crops for biofuels production
  • Track 17-3Agricultural modernization and its impact on society
  • Track 17-4Food, fuel and freeways
  • Track 18-1Production of Biofuels from Biomass
  • Track 18-2Production of Biodiesel from Biomass
  • Track 18-3Production of Biochemicals from Biomass
  • Track 18-4Production of Biogas from Biomass
  • Track 19-1Production and supply of solid biofuels
  • Track 19-2production and supply of bio methane
  • Track 19-3Advanced solid biofuels
  • Track 19-4Thermochemical conversion
  • Track 20-1Solar Energy
  • Track 20-2Wind Energy
  • Track 20-3Energy efficiency
  • Track 20-4Energy-from-waste
  • Track 20-5Renewable chemicals
  • Track 20-6Sustainable Energy Technology